Third largest country in South America with a total surface area of 1,285, 215 kms.
Located in the central western coast of the continent. Strategically positioned to engage in international trade.
Shares its northern border with Ecuador and Colombia and its southern border with Chile. Brazil and Bolivia are found to the south of the border, while the Pacific Ocean is to the west.
Peru has 84 natural life zones (ecological floors) of the 102 zones identified worldwide. This South American State is divided into three clearly defined regions that extend from north to south and is traversed by the imposing Andes Mountain Range, which is home to many of the Pre-Colombian secrets of the past.
Desert strip approximately 3,000 km. in length with a moderate climate.
Numerous rivers – about 50 in total – traverse this coastal region forming fertile valleys in the main cities, such as Lima, Trujillo and Arequipa. This region is home to the most thriving economic activity in the country.
It is here where the major export industries are located. The Coast is the natural habitat of the caigua.
The Highlands is made up of the Andes Mountain Range located between the coast and the jungle with an average altitude of 3,000 metres above sea level.
The majestic landscape of the Highlands is made up of numerous mountains and glaciers, among which abundant rivers flow, contributing to the irrigation of large valleys. The Highlands make up the natural habitat of the maca.
The Jungle is the richest region of Peru and perhaps of the world in terms of biological resources.
The Jungle region covers two thirds of Peru and is characterized by dense vegetation accompanied by abundant wildlife. The information available on Amazonian flora includes 5 out of the 60,000 to 90,000 species that are estimated to exist in this region, which is what makes it so attractive to for environmentalists worldwide.
The renowned Manu Nature Reserve is found in this region, in the department of Madre de Dios. The Reserve is considered the most biologically diverse in the world with unique species otherwise unknown in other habitats.
The National Park extends over 1,881.200 hectares with more than 4,000 species of flora and fauna, over 1,000 species of birds and more than 4,000 species of butterflies and other animal species, such as monkeys, crocodiles, jaguars, etc. in addition to a vast and spectacular vegetation, which is unique in the world.